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Applewood Chinchillas
Whites

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On this page, I will describe Whites and blends. Please note that the White gene cannot be Homozygous, therefore there is a lethal factor associated with these. The only genes that have a lethal factor are TOV and White. This means that when two TOV's OR two Whites are bred together there is 25% less offspring. It is fine to breed TOV's to Whites to get TOV White, however.

White Mosaic (aka Silver Mosaics, Wilson Whites, Reverse Mosaic)
 
White Mosaics genetically consist of one Standard grey gene and one White gene. Phenotypically they can be what is sometimes incorrectly referred to as a Wilson White- white with very little grey tipping. True Wilson Whites are completely white with no grey tipping anywhere. These are very rare if they even exist anymore, and this term should NOT be used when describing the phenotype of a White Mosaic as it can be misleading. Most commonly 'White Mosaics' are white with occasional grey tipping and dark grey at the base of the tail, as well as some grey on the face. They can also be what has been termed 'Silver or Reverse Mosaics'- with grey being the dominant color and white swirled throughout, or with a 'salt-and-pepper' look. Some are so heavily marked they appear to be Standard greys, except for the white tipped tail. These are not very common and seem to be very desirable because they are so unique. Yet another very desirable coat 'pattern' in White Mosaics is when they are white with big grey or dark grey blotches, rather than the very even tipping of the 'Silver or Reverse'. These are called 'Extreme' or 'Unique' Mosaics by some ranchers.
 
White Mosaics never have grey tipping or markings on the belly unless there is ebony influence.
 
The most common weaknesses in Whites are lack of fur density/tightness and clarity. Many have a yellow color to the fur which is off-coloring and not desirable. There should be little to no yellow, and a blue tone to the fur. The ideal mate would be a big, clear, light color phase Standard of excellent quality. Black Velvets are also a good color to cross with whites if they are of high quality.

Pink Whites (aka Beige Mosaics)
 
Genetically a Pink White has a Standard gene, a Beige gene, and a White gene. A high quality Pink White is very attractive and this color is very highly sought after in the pet and hobby breeder circles.
 
Pink Whites are usually almost all White with light beige tipping, mostly on the face and at the base of the tail. Because of the Beige gene, they have pink ears and dark (ruby) red eyes. The name suits them well!
 
A very common weakness in Pink Whites is the yellow hue to the fur. A good Pink White with very little yellow and a nice blue undertone to the fur is rare- and absolutely beautiful! As with any White, fur density/tightness and clarity (along with keeping size and body conformation) are the biggest obstacles to overcome when breeding to improve this mutation, and you must use many high quality Standards (preferrably clear, light color phase Stds) and very selective breeding.

Ebony Mosaics (aka White Ebonies, Ebony Whites, White Mosaic Ebony)
 
These consist of a Standard gene, an Ebony gene, and a White gene. Phenotypically Ebony Mosiacs can look almost identical to White Mosaics (in many cases you can't tell the difference without looking at the pedigree). You will remember that Ebony is an accumulative gene, and the more Ebony that is bred into a particular line, the darker the offspring. The same goes with Ebony Mosaics. I have seen some that look like Homo or very dark Hetero Ebonies, except with distinct white markings and white on the tip of the tail. These are rare, and absolutely stunning.
 
Because there is Ebony influence, there may (or may not) be tipping or markings on the belly.
 
It can be very difficult to get a heavily marked Ebony Mosaic that is still high quality because typically when bred back to a Standard that has no Ebony influence, the ebony that shows through gets lighter. It is possible after many generations of careful and selective breeding to acheive this though.
 

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Picture Courtesy of Angela

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The pictures of this STUNNING Eb/White kit are courtesy of Jimmy

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Violet Mosaic (aka White Violet)
 
A Violet Mosaic consists of TWO Violet genes (making it homozygous for Violet) and a White gene. Violet is a recessive gene which means in order for it to actually show or influence the coat color, there must be two genes present in the animal. If there is only one Violet gene present, then we would call it a White Mosaic VC. Since a Violet Mosaic is Homo for Violet, it will always throw one Violet gene.
 
These chins are very attractive to look at, especially when you are dealing with one that has heavy Violet tipping. The best way to bring the Violet out in these is to also throw in the TOV gene.
 
Violet Mosaics are rare and when you find one, they are usually not of high quality and are small with poor fur density. You very rarely see one that has blocky build- most are very much costina type.
 
 

White Sapphire (aka Sapphire White, Sapphire Mosaic)
 
White Sapphires consist of TWO Sapphire genes and one White gene. Sapphire is another recessive gene. These chins have ruby colored eyes and pink ears. Any tipping that shows through will look similar to what you'd see on a White Mosiac, except much lighter and will have a distinctly blue hue.
 
These are rarer than the Violet Mosaics and generally are of poor quality. There are always exceptions, but most are small with poor fur density and lack of blockiness.

Solid Violet Mosaic (aka White Violet Wrap, Solid Violet White)
 
When you ad Ebony to the genes of the Violet Mosaic, you can get this rare mutation. Think of it as a Solid Violet, but with the White gene. They usually have at least one or several distinct spots where the Violet shows through very heavily. A very good example is PNWC's "Bliss". She is, however, the only Solid Violet Mosaic that I know of that is so heavily marked. Most don't come close to that!

Pink White Violet
 
I think of a Pink White Violet as a Beige Violet Mosaic. They consist of a Beige gene, TWO Violet genes, and a White gene. I have only heard of three of these.

Solid Sapphire White
 
When you ad Ebony to the genes of the Solid Sapphire White, you can get this rare mutation. I have never seen one in person and have only heard of one.

Pink White Sapphire
 
Genetically these consist of a Beige gene, TWO Sapphire genes, and a White gene. I have never seen one of these before.

Please feel free to contact me anytime with any questions or concerns!